Saturday, May 23, 2020

My Experience At The University Of Iowa - 2795 Words

Good Evening Everyone! I am McCall Radavich with USA Today. Although I am currently located in New York, I was born and raised in Arizona. At a very young age, I found my passion in writing and photography. I have literally been writing my story for as long as I can remember. When it came time for college, I chose one of the best journalism schools in the United States, the University of Iowa. I started small, taking pictures for the school’s newspaper, The Daily Iowan. I soon worked my way up to being an Opinions Writer, then a Metro Reporter, and finally my senior year, an editor. After graduating with a double major in journalism and geography in 2005, I got a yearlong internship with National Geographic. You know how you look back on moments of your life and think, that’s when it all changed? Well, that was it for me. That was my moment, the year I found myself. Writing isn’t an easy thing. Actually, I would say writing is the hardest thing a per son can do, putting your self on display for any and all to see. Writing is the truth, and the truth hurts. I had always thought that was what I did when I wrote, tell the truth, but that wasn’t the case. I hadn’t learned how to write without boundaries until that summer, when I had no other option. I hadn’t known how to write like everything was on the line, because I had never had anything to lose. Now, it’s the only way I write. It is the only way I can. When my year was up, I didn’t know what to do withShow MoreRelatedMy Experience At A Graduate University Of Iowa City High School Essay1222 Words   |  5 Pageslearning from a veteran in the field and having the freedom to ask the questions that I wanted to know. The School Counselor that I interviewed was Ben Fraga of Iowa City High School. Similar to me, Fraga had received his College degree in psychology before pursuing a career in School Counseling. He had received his degree from the University of Iowa (near his hometown) before traveling to Arizona State for a Masters degree in School Counseling. After graduating and completing his internship, he appliedRead MoreIowa State University Office Of The President1708 Words   |  7 Pagesworld as young people. Iowa State University has focused on giving students of all different backgrounds the ability to go out and experience the world. Analysis of Mission Iowa State University prides itself on its mission to â€Å"Create, share, and apply knowledge to make Iowa and the world a better place† (Iowa State University Office of the President: Mission and Vision). This mission focuses on the success of each and every student that attends Iowa State. In order for Iowa State’s Study Abroad programRead MorePersonal Statement : C Participation1418 Words   |  6 Pagesinvolved. Being the youngest in my family, I was always tagging along to 4-H events that my older sisters were in. Therefore, our clover kids’ leader, Michelle Hassebrock, let me participate with the clover kids about 2 years before I was even old enough to officially become a clover kid. That is where my journey in 4-H as a member of the Howard Happy Helpers officially began. From there, I was involved in 4-H all the way through my senior year of high school. My participation included holding multipleRead MoreWhy I Am I At The University Of Iowa929 Words à ‚  |  4 PagesIntroduction Who is Chad Richmond? Why am I in the field of student affairs? Why am I at the University of Iowa? These are questions that I have to ask myself everyday and I typically answers them a different way every time. It has been a long journey for me to get where I am today and this paper will discuss those aspects that have both helped and even hindered my path at times. Many different people, events, goals and problems have helped shaped who I am today, but they are all important to whoRead More Physical Therapy Essays1422 Words   |  6 Pagesprivate physical therapy offices, community health centers, corporate or industrial health centers, sports facilities, research institutions, rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, home health agencies, schools, pediatric centers, colleges, and universities (A Future 9). Most physical therapists work 40 hours a week and sometimes evenings and weekends. They usually treat five to 15 patients a day and may conduct group treatment sessions (Physical Therapists 4). As a career, physical therapy offersRead MoreThe Conservation Corps Service Opportunity1377 Words   |  6 Pagesprogram term. I graduated from Iowa State University here just a little more than a week ago and was talking to one of the students in class, after graduation, and we were discussing that some of us feel we don t have enough conservation work under our belt. He said that I could join the conservation corps. He had joined the corps in Montana and said it was one of the best things he did. I am lucky enough to have caught the deadline and I need more hands on experience. I am 25 and this would be theRead MoreCareer And Life Of An Obstetrician978 Words   |  4 PagesEmjae Fisbeck Toews English 1 4 May 2015 There are so many careers to choose from in the world. I have changed my mind about my career and lifestyle so many times. It was hard to find a career suitable to me, but I found one that sparks my interests. Obstetricians work with pregnancy, labor and delivery of women. This career is something I would aspire in doing and fits my lifestyle. To become an obstetrician it requires an average of 12 years of education and training. You need to complete a fourRead MoreEssay on A Ph.D. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology528 Words   |  3 Pagesam interested in Central Michigan University because it offers applied practice through field experience and organizational internships. I have been told by many professionals that Central Michigan has excellent faculty and research facilities, as well as, provides a very thorough and effective foundation for work in the field. I intend to pursue a career in applied research and organizational consulting, therefore, these qualities are imperative to myself and my career. nbsp; Initially I planRead MoreCommunication Interview Essay878 Words   |  4 PagesReceived A Salary Increase Just By Taking Initiative. Jeff Lantz, senior communications director of Minor League Baseball, grew up in Iowa City, Iowa, where he always enjoyed sports since he was a kid. In 1997, Lantz received a bachelors degree in journalism/communications from Iowa State University. During his time at ISU, Lantz interned for a day with the Iowa Cubs. He was eventually hired to intern for a full season, but Lantz later found out that he would be working in s position that was notRead MoreAn Emerging Student Affair Professional797 Words   |  4 PagesElizabeth Bledsoe, who graduated from the HESA track program in 2013. She is currently the Assistant Director for the Office of Institutional Assessment at Texas AM, in College Station, Texas. Her office works with all forms of assessment at the university and these main areas are; learning outcome, student support, academics, and curriculum. Elizabeth is specifically in charge of the communication between the different colleges, focused around accreditation and curriculum . Elizabeth said her position

Monday, May 18, 2020

Prostitution and Sexuality - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 392 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/08/08 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Prostitution Essay Did you like this example? Technology is transforming every sector in the contemporary world. The oldest profession, prostitution, has not been left behind. Studies in the field show that the commercial sex industry is adopting a new model shaped by the internet. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Prostitution and Sexuality" essay for you Create order In the current world, the street-walkers have shifted their activities to the information highway. According to Crooks and Baur (2013), many commercial sex workers now prefer over the internet transactions where they claim that rates are relatively higher and are safe from assault and arrest compared to the streets. In the new business model of prostitution, there are various ways utilized to get sexual partners over the internet. One of the methods used to get sexual partners via the internet is websites. Sex workers have set up websites where they can openly advertise their services. Using basic computer skills and a typical web browser, it is possible for every person to find these services with ease. These websites are usually detailed with contact information which can be used to reach the services provider. A website can belong to a single sex worker or contain several who compete for clients visiting the site. Another method is through social media. People are employing social media to find sexual partners who share their likes. In social media, people are able to see profile details provided by others. This information enables people to determine their perfect match and contact them. With social media, people can also easily form groups or chat rooms where they can privately communicate with each other. There are also dating websites and mobile applications. Currently, there are several dating sites that enable people to browse through different profile searching for a partner. These are different from commercial sex workers websites in that they are designed to help people meet their life partners rather than to buy sex. Mobile developers have also developed applications that can be used on the same. There are both pros and cons of using these three methods to find sex partners. One advantage is that the online means increases the capacity to do background checks on a potential partner (Seal et al., 2015). The online methods also ease open communication. Disadvantages include the difficulty to convey right emotions and limited capacity to personally evaluate a potential partner. It is also hard to learn people background online since people may lie in their profiles.

Monday, May 11, 2020

The Disease Hiv / Aids - 964 Words

Demian C. M. Gibson Ms.Bertelsen Biology (honors)Period 6 3/24/17 The Disease HIV/AIDS The disease HIV first appeared in Africa in the 1800’s. It originated from a chimpanzee and was likely transmitted to humans when the chimpanzee was hunted down for food and the hunters came into contact with the infected blood. The disease became an epidemic around the 1970’s and has since affected the lives of many people worldwide (, what is HIV/AIDS). HIV is also known as human immunodeficiency virus and it is a retrovirus that attacks the immune system of those infected (Nordqvist, HIV/AIDS). It specifically attacks the T cells, also known as CD4 cells, and reproduces within these cells (, what are HIV and AIDS). This†¦show more content†¦In the early stages of HIV victims may experience flu like symptoms. These symptoms usually appear within around 2 to 6 weeks though some people may not experience any effect for many years. These symptoms only usually last for days or up to four weeks. Other than this early illness it is not likely that there will be other symptoms and the person will appear to be healthy and some people may go without symptoms for up to 10 years or more (Nordqvist, HIV/AIDS). This phase after the early stage is known as the clinical latency stage where the disease remains in the body but reproduces slowly (, symptoms of HIV). People in the early stage of HIV will not test positive for HIV because their body has not created antibodies in response, but these people are still highly infectious. After the immune system begins to create antibodies the infected will test HIV positive (, what is aids). If HIV goes untreated it will enter the late stage which has the most significant impact on quality of life. The body will progress into AIDS and the immune system will be weakened enough to allow opportunistic infections. These infections can range from mild to serious. The symptoms caused by these diseases can be attributed to other diseases so the only way th at the infected can know they are infected is to get HIV testedShow MoreRelatedHiv / Aids : A Devastating Disease1482 Words   |  6 PagesHIV/AIDS is a devastating disease that has predominated in Africa due to the long incubation period of the virus, poverty, sexual promiscuousness, urbanization, trading routes, lack of knowledge, medical advances (use of needles, blood transfusion), and gender inequalities. Although the government denied the existence of HIV/ AIDS for many years, they have begun working towards various solutions such as the ABC (Abstinence, Be faithful, and Condom use) method and United States initiatives like PEPFARRead MoreCommunicable Disease: HIV/AIDS1243 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Communicable Disease: HIV/AIDS What is a communicable disease? A  communicable  disease  is carried by microorganisms and transmitted through people, animals, surfaces, foods, or air.  Therefore, communicable diseases rely on fluid exchange, contaminated substances, or close contact to travel from an infected carrier to a healthy individual. The  disease  might need a blood exchange via an injection, float along a  sneeze  in a movie theater, or transmitted through childbirth. Hence, a human-to-humanRead MoreHiv / Aids : A Global Disease871 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, most commonly known as HIV, is a lentivirus that spreads through bodily fluids and targets specific in cells of the immune system† (CDC). Over time, HIV deteriorates these cells, and consequently leaves the body unable to fight off infections and disease. When this occurs, the HIV infection transgresses into Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, also known as AIDS. AIDS continues to obliterate th e immune system and leaves its victims more susceptible to opportunisticRead MoreHiv And Aids : A Serious Disease1395 Words   |  6 Pages HIV and AIDS is a very serious disease in this world and will continue to fester within our population because of ignorance and lack of knowledge about this infection. AIDS is recognized as an international health catastrophe. It is the first outlandish and unique widespread of communicable diseases. People with AIDS acquire many different kinds of diseases which the body would usually fight off easily but this illness breaks down the body’s defenses. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV, whichRead MoreHiv / Aids : An Unknown Disease1508 Words   |  7 Pages Emerging in the early 1980s, HIV/AIDS was an unknown disease that spread rapidly throughout the United States. In the beginning not much information was found due to this being a very new disease with a completely unknown background. As decades passed, research has increased as well as the number of cases of people reporting that they are infected. Being that 1 out of every 4 people are infected with HIV/AIDS, this disease has had such an immense impact socially, domestically, as well as politicallyRead MoreHiv / Aids : An Infectious Disease1285 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Human immunodeficiency virus, also known as HIV, is an infectious disease that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) when left untreated. With AIDS, an individual’s immune system is severely compromised which leads to life-threatening infections, cancer, and eventual death. HIV is primarily transmitted via direct blood contact, breast milk, and sexual contact. With the exception of one highly unique case, HIV is incurable but can be suppressed with highly-active antiretroviralRead MoreHiv / Aids : A Deadly Disease1474 Words   |  6 PagesName Course Tutor Date HIV/AIDS Introduction Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome, which is popularly known as AIDS is a deadly disease as it attacks and adversely destroys body’s immune system. AIDS is brought about by a virus called Human Immune-Deficiency Virus, better known as HIV. This virus is minute, even invisible to a powerful microscope and can remain in the body for years without showing any visible symptoms. AIDS is the final stage of infection of the virus. It takes a period of aboutRead MoreDisease Report : Hiv / Aids3015 Words   |  13 Pages DISEASE REPORT – HIV/AIDS BY: AISHA BHIMLA COURSE: PHC6002 INFECTIOUS DISEASE EPIDEMIOLOGY SEMESTER/YEAR: FALL 2014 INSTRUCTOR: DR. SANCHEZ-ANGUIANO BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent responsible for the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (Handsfield, 2011). HIV/AIDS has been existent for over three decades, and the occurrence of AIDS was first clinically identifiedRead MoreHiv, Aids, And Autoimmune Diseases2108 Words   |  9 PagesHIV, AIDS Autoimmune Diseases: What Anesthesia Providers Need to Know. History of HIV In 1981 clinicians in New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles recognized an immunodeficiency syndrome in homosexual men. By the end of that year, there had been several hundred cases reported and the disease was also occurring in intravenous drug users, blood transfusion recipients at the time, babies born to infected mothers and high risk heterosexuals, and so the name was changed to Acquired ImmunodeficiencyRead MoreHiv / Aids : Infectious And Parasistic Diseases880 Words   |  4 PagesMy system is Infectious and Parasistic diseases. I’ve chosen HIV/AIDS as my topic because it is a world-wide epidemic and I believe everybody should know their HIV status. I will first give the basics about HIV, how it is transmitted, tests used to detect the virus and medications to control it. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are lentiviruses (a subgroup of retroviruses) that infect CD4 cells (commonly known as T-cells), macrophages and dendritic

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Domestic Violence From Law Enforcement Officers - 2429 Words

Domestic Violence is one of the most common crimes that occur, however not all of them being reported. There are many effects and causes to this behavior in law enforcement officers that have been studied by many researchers and doctors, authors, and the media. The victims of domestic violence from law enforcement officers (mostly being women) are affected by this greatly on a higher level than regular women who aren’t married to police officers, as they have much more to lose if such acts were ever reported on their spouses. There are many theoretical causes of domestic violence from law enforcement officers, which effect their victims greatly, making it almost impossible for them to report any offense without some type of consequence of†¦show more content†¦Domestic violence should not be taken lightly and inexcusable especially by those of law enforcement who’s job is to protect people from harm. It’s not only unethical but it sets a bad example, and should not be tolerated, especially on more than one offense, those officers should have their badges taken away, or be taken out of active duty at the least. These officers have a great advantage in getting away with these acts of violence because they know their wives will not report it due to a great number of risks. definition Domestic violence is aggressive behavior within the home, generally involving the abuse of a spouse or partner in order to gain control or maintain power over another. This type of violence can be sexual, physical, emotional, or even psychological in which these threats influence the other person. It is not only about physical abuse, it’s the consistent pattern of behaviors that are used to make the victim feel threatened and manipulated. -effects on victims The effects of victims of domestic violence from police officers is in a way unique and very dangerous. It is in fact more dangerous than any other domestic violent relationship because unlike a regular person, the law enforcement officer is familiar with and experienced with weapons and defense. They are able to access

The function of setting in the presentation of Jane Austen’s main concerns in Emma Free Essays

In Jane Austen’s novel Emma, the function of setting is to demonstrate life as it would be in Highbury around the same time as Austen was writing the book (around 1815). The setting mostly refers to the period the is set in story as well as the place, which of course also bears much relevance. However, Jane Austen’s main concern in the book was to convey social convention, an aspect of life which would have a major affect on the characters in the story as it did Jane herself, in context to the period it is set. We will write a custom essay sample on The function of setting in the presentation of Jane Austen’s main concerns in Emma or any similar topic only for you Order Now Also the themes of marriage and wealth also tie in with social status in the book as it would be of importance in the early 18th century that it is set in. The character that to help all these themes together as well as Emma herself is Harriet. Not only is the power of status shown by Emma’s control over Harriet,( not even by force but Harriet’s freewill, as she admires and aspires to Emma)but she also takes the theme of marriage with Emma’s mischievous behaviour as she tries to match make Harriet to suitors of seemingly higher class. Harriet also ties in with the education being a parlour boarder at Mrs Goddard’s school. We are able to see a glimpse of what education is like as Jane Austen bring s in her description of Mrs Goddard the mistress of a school â€Å"not of seminary, or an establishment†¦but, a real, honest, old-fashioned boarding school†¦where girls may be sent out the way and scramble themselves in to a little education, without any danger of bringing back prodigies† We are shown the kind of education girls would have received at the time, a middle class education. Jane evokes a warm sense to the ides of school though the last line is a little shocking it brings in the real world, a world where contraception were not available and pre-marital sex was still a shameful act in the eyes of society. The â€Å"scramble† for education also shows the type of education the girls may receive. Not a full education but whatever the girls could grasp. In this way we can already see the kind of education that society of the period were growing up with. However for Emma, a member of higher class this was different, as it is shown, she was educated by Miss Taylor as would all member s of upper class be tutored at home. Through out the novel there are marriage agreements and suitors made and discussions between characters of â€Å"equal marriage† this refers to marrying a person in the story of equal wealth and status. By the end of the novel it seems all characters seem to have found their equal in marriage, with Emma it is the gentlemanly Mr Knightly who if not just equal in status is equal by intellect as is evident through their many long conversations they hold, conversations on a level we never see Emma talk to Harriet with. Harriet also marries Mr Martin who after all turns out to be the right match for her. Though it would seem the message from the writer is that one should marry within ones own status, it is interesting to acknowledge the marriage at the beginning of the book. Miss Taylor, Emma’s nanny therefore middle class, marries Mr Weston, of upper class, and there seems to be no evidence of criticism from the writer or characters of their marriage. In fact there are so m any occasions in the book where the couple are described well together and perfectly married it seems they are almost a role model to other married couples at the time. However though there is a happy ending, Jane Austen uses Emma, with her mischief and interfering nature to demonstrate the importance of social class and equal marriage within society at the time. As she takes Harriet and manipulates her feelings towards Mr Elton, the occurrences only reveal the nature of class to us. When Mr Elton realises Harriet has affection for him he is disgusted at the thought of it, even wise Mr Knightly comments on Mr Elton’s views as Mr Elton said he would marry richly. This is revealed even further when he turns his attentions on Emma, the richest female in the story. His desire for Emma or rather Emma’s money in turn disgusts her, and the feeling is evident and her â€Å"astonishment† shows how unequal she feels her self to him and how superior. An unequal marriage seems the most shocking of all things in the story, as it would in context. However after being rejected Harriet only turns her attentions higher to Mr Knightly, the richest man in Highbury; however the reader does not feel this is arrogance on the part of Miss Smith, believing that he may requite her feelings but the fault of Emma who builds up Harriet’s vanity through the book. The importance of marrying for money seems far more important than marrying for love and it is only then when the idea of marrying for love enters Emma’ head. The only reason it seems Mr Knightly could marry Harriet would be for love, for Harriet has nothing of possession to offer. Though this idea is introduced, marrying for love, two central characters Emma and Harriet marry into equal relationships, and though they do love their partners, it is the equality that is expressed so importantly. It is simply that Jane Austen has idealised their relationships with their love for their partners and equality both being present to the characters. The marriages contrast to the marriage of Mr Elton and Mrs Elton, as is commented by a character that in marry Mrs Elton, Mr Elton received twenty thousand pounds, an equal marriage but not one for affection to each other. In the novel Jane Austen only shows their judgemental characteristics and superficial attitudes, perhaps the example of a bad marriage, though equal in status? Though the term setting in fiction also applies to period, an important factor in this book the setting, in referral to place is also important. Highbury is a rural environment almost cut off from the world. This small town helps us understand the narrow mindedness of some characters, and also the reason of so little action. The central action to the story is conversation, the lack of action means that to keep the reader entertained Jane Austen had create something else to keep the readers interest. Through such detailed language and description we receive such vivid characters and receive a lot information from their speech and others speech about them. This also ties in with the period as presentation of a person would be very important and so what you say was also important, this is reproduced in Emma, as everything each character says reveals something about them. Also by setting the story in a remote rural area there can be more attention to new characters that enter the life of Emma. The conversation and excitement created by the awaited arrival of Frank Churchill creates a lot of excitement between characters in the book as it is not often visitors would come. Importance is added on this figure as he is a bachelor of Emma’s age and so expectations of the reader and other characters are raised. Therefore in the setting of Emma, Jane Austen’s main concern with period was to show the social convention of the time, the way it affected marriage and also the importance of marriage in the context of the story. Jane uses Emma and Emma’s treatement and views of other characters to show the three main themes of money, status, and marriage within the 18th century period it was set. How to cite The function of setting in the presentation of Jane Austen’s main concerns in Emma, Papers

Volunteer Tourism and Cross-Cultural-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Write a Detailed Critical Review of Jornal Artical about Votunteer Tourism and Cross-Cultural. Answer: Introduction The topic revolves around the concepts of volunteer tourism and cross-cultural understanding through the management of volunteer experiences. The concept of volunteer tourism has become popular nowadays, and the individuals within the travel and tourism industry have allowed the individuals to combine the travel and tourism activities with the voluntary work. The volunteer tourism is an effective reciprocal form of tourism that has facilitated the development of cross-cultural activities and enabled understanding among the participants effectively and easily. The journal article presented by Rachel Leigh Wilson has been studied thoroughly for gaining relevant ideas and knowledge regarding proper management of volunteer tourism programs which can reduce the chances of cross-cultural understanding and manage reinforcement of cultural stereotypes with ease and effectiveness[1]. By conducting an Appreciative Inquiry into various volunteer programs, it will be easy to explore new ideas an d concepts and furthermore determine the impact of volunteer tourism on the cultural understanding within the organisation. The findings further can help in ensuring that the cross-cultural understanding development will be perceived as a major objective of the volunteer tourism rather than sending the volunteers outside the country. Following this journal article will also be essential for understanding the vital role played by volunteer tourism in facilitating the accomplishment of goals and objectives through the proactive management and volunteer tourism programmes too. Volunteer tourism According to the journal article presented by Rachel Leigh Wilson, volunteer tourism is an important kind of travel and tourism concept, and it is not a part of the mass tourism and travel. The main purpose of the volunteer tourism is to develop a relationship between the traveller or volunteer and the respective host countries where both of them can be mutually benefited. This new and innovative tourism experience can create a sense of self-awareness and manage cross cultural understanding in a detailed manner to understand the individuals who have participated in the volunteer tourism programs in Singapore[2]. Volunteer tourism is an essential aspect of tourism that not only fosters the development of cross-cultural understanding but also allows the volunteer to gain better self-awareness skills and furthermore determine the level of motivation, expectations, knowledge and other tourism aspects. The voluntourism concept combines both the tourism and volunteering aspects, which is considered as an effective international travel and tourism aspect that can contribute to the sustainable development by adapting to the new culture and country[3]. The voluntourism also makes ways for efficiently managing volunteering work and furthermore allow the volunteers to participate in the tourism and volunteer works at the same time with ease and effectiveness. While working overseas, the majority of volunteers have managed to live p with the local host families for gaining an understanding of the cross-cultural concepts, manage tourism, and travel in an effective manner. The host family would welcome the volunteers to their home and provide them with opportunities to become a part of the community by sharing their everyday lives and customs. The volunteers can also celebrate their birthdays, some occasions with the host families as well while returning from their visit to the country[4]. From the journal article, it could be understood that people could not value what they actually did not understand and thus it would be necessary to gain an understanding of the local components and how those could contribute to the value addition within the travel and tourism industry. The skills that have been gained while sharing knowledge and information could help in managing the environment with travellers and tourists and furthermore understand how the tourism might create an impact on the development of cross-cultural understanding[5]. The volunteer tourism has largely contributed to the sustainable volunteer project and even the implementation of long term development by utilizing the skills, time, resource and energy effectively. This would also provide enough opportunities to managing enhanced learning and allow individuals to gain proper education and furthermore provide support to an entire family as well. The participation in voluntourism can help in contributing to a large extent to the local economy. The volunteers take advantages to go to various locations and do sightseeing and make island tours. There are many countries including Singapore rely heavily on the income generated from travel and tourism and the journal article, it is clearly understood that the volunteers support local businesses[6]. The voluntourism supports the local staffs, which can also provide lots of employment opportunities to the local people and allow them to pursue further training and development sessions to improve their skills, knowledge and expertise level. Cross cultural understanding in volunteer tourism There are differences between the volunteer tourism industry and other tourism forms, and thus it is the responsibility of the volunteers to interact with the local and social communities and contribute to the understanding of the culture that is being volunteered by individuals. The Cross-cultural understanding can help to gain proper understandings of the local culture where all the volunteers are present and gain awareness of the socio-economic, cultural, environmental and local issues which can create a positive or negative impact on the local community. The cross-cultural understanding also helps in making people learn, acknowledge, identify, analyse and interpret situations and conditions for preventing the issues related to a misunderstanding created due to the cultural differences[7]. The volunteers must create an open-minded approach to breaking down the components of previous stereotypes and manage the power assumptions through a cross-cultural understanding with ease and e ffectiveness. According to the journal article, the business organisations within the travel and tourism industry can also foster the development of good relationships between the host countries and volunteers through a better understanding of knowledge before travel. This would also include critical reflections made on behalf of the motivations of volunteers, understanding of expectations and provide reflections based on the travel and tourism experiences as well[8]. The volunteers of travel and tourism must also try to prevent misunderstanding or misinterpretation of the contribution made by the host communities to the experiences, skills and knowledge of volunteers. The cross-cultural understanding can also disseminate or disperse the various stereotypes and assumptions of power distributed between the developing and developed nations by gaining a thorough understanding of the experiences and skills based on cross-cultural understanding[9]. Volunteer travel and tourism have been rising among the Singapore based travellers and tourists nowadays. According to various surveys, it was seen that many of the travellers preferred the charitable work in Singapore as well as working aboard. Voluntourism has also managed to conduct a proper research on the organisation, which has been considered while travelling with. The vast amount of Experience, sustainability, financial roles and responsibilities are the important components for running programs and benefit the population positively[10]. Various theories and concepts Hofstede Cultural Dimensions theory One of the major theories of cross-cultural understanding through volunteering experience could be the Hofstede Cultural dimensions theory. This kind of effective theory acts as a framework for managing cross-cultural communication and determine the impacts created by the culture within the society based on the values of members, values related to the behaviours and structure associated with the factor analysis too[11]. The Hofstede cultural dimension theory utilizes the factor analysis for evaluating the outcomes by a survey of employee values and work on the four dimensions of culture including the individualism, collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, power index and masculinity and femininity. Another additional cultural dimension could be the indulgence versus self-restraint[12]. The Hofstede theory has created a major research for carrying out the cross-cultural activities in an effective way as well as ensures successful international communication and business with ease and effectiveness. It is preferred by many authors of the journal because it is a preferred resource in the cross-cultural fields and enables studying the values, beliefs and other important concepts of cross culture and social beliefs creating an impact on the volunteer tourism[13]. Based on the journal article presented by Frederick, Leon and Arpana Gupta, to manage voluntourism in an effective and easy way, it is important to address issues regarding race, ethnicity, religion, values and styles of international communication. The demographics continue to change from time to time within a diversity, and thus it is essential to open doors for volunteer tourism and enable the tourists and travellers from various parts of the world to travel in global countries and contribute largely to the growth and sustainable development by adapting to the new culture of the country[14]. This would not only make them aware of the values and beliefs of the new place but would help them to explore the new concepts of cross-cultural communication and interact with people of that place by maintaining peace and harmony. The Hofstede cultural dimension theory considered the four major dimensions and analysed the cultures, which are different for the various countries. The power distance index allows the less knowledgeable workers to accept that services have been provided to them unequally. Here the volunteers are the workers who have believed that power distribution is done with discrimination and are not provided equally. The Uncertainty avoidance is another dimension of the Hofstede theory where the volunteers may face issues and even subject to some kind of harm due to certain situations. This can create beliefs among them and allow them to prevent such situations to the utmost level possible[15]. The Individualism vs collectivism dimension of the theory enables the volunteers to look after themselves as well as their families who are immediate. This is the degree to which the individuals within the society have been integrated into the groups while the collectivism represents the relationships built through tightly integrated relationships for gaining proper loyalty and support in case of any emergencies. Here the volunteers working within the travel and tourism industry have considered the travellers and tourists as their immediate families to create trust and loyalty and allow them to purchase the tourism services by adapting to the new culture of the place where they want to travel to. Within the masculine societies, female individuals are more emphatic and competitive, though less emphatic than the male individuals. Thus there is a certain gap between male and females[16]. Here the volunteers of tourism consider the male and female members equally, and they are made aware of the various cross-cultural dimensions before travel and purchase of tourism services. Bennetts Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity Another effective cross-cultural theory or model is the Bennett's Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, which includes the six stages including the denial, defense, minimisation, acceptance, adaptation and integration. During the first stage, i.e., the denial stage, the tourists refuse to establish communication with people from different cultures and do not focus on the cultural aspects of that country. The volunteers have the roles and responsibilities to make them understand the cultural differences and ensure that they can enjoy their travel peacefully[17]. The defense stage allows the individuals to take into consideration the cultures that are inferior to their own culture and this results in creating criticism. The volunteers of tourism and travel must make them understand to respect every culture and consider the values and beliefs of that different culture as well. The minimisation phase allows for reducing the criticism and make individuals respect every culture and believe that these cultures share common values, which can further help in preventing the cultural differences too[18]. The acceptance stage is needed to be maintained for making the volunteers of tourism to understand the cultural differences and even allow them to learn those properly. This would further help them to adopt the new culture of that place and get accustomed with the behaviours and attitudes of people with ease and effectiveness. The integration stage is accomplished by making the individuals achieve long term goals and objectives and manage changes in their behaviours and styles during communication with individuals belonging from a different culture.[19] Conclusion Based on the journal article, few authors such as Hammersley explored the concepts of cross-cultural understanding by creating a systematic method of self-reflection and knowledge about the community, host countries and culture that would be adopted by the volunteers. This would contribute to the successful accomplishment of voluntourism and furthermore facilitate greater knowledge and understanding prior to the travel and tourism activities managed by the volunteers. While managing the voluntourism activities, it is necessary for the volunteers to understand the different culture and create enough scopes and opportunities for sustaining within the business environment with ease. The different theories and models related to cross cultural activities had also been illustrated here along with the other aspects of volunteer tourism for deriving a good conclusion in the end. References Blackman, D, A Benson, "The Role of the Psychological Contract in Managing Research Volunteer Tourism.". inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 27, 2010, 221-235. Brumbaugh, A, "The Impact of Diversity Seeking and Volunteer Orientation on Desire for Alternative Spring Break Programs.". inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 27, 2010, 474-490. Burrai, E, X Font, J Cochrane, "Destination Stakeholders' Perceptions of Volunteer Tourism: An Equity Theory Approach.". inInternational Journal of Tourism Research, 17, 2014, 451-459. Chang, M, J Jetten, "Understanding Cultural Identification.". inJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46, 2015, 1291-1295. Etri, W, "Reaching a Central Place of Understanding Intercultural Sensitivity in ELT - Dynamic Frames for Intercultural Sensitivity.". inSSRN Electronic Journal, , 2016. Hasanova, N, "Voluntourism.". inThe Journal of Perinatal Neonatal Nursing, 31, 2017, E3-E5. Hernandez, F, B Kose, "The Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity.". inEducation and Urban Society, 44, 2011, 512-530. Hofstede, G, "Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context.". inOnline Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2, 2011. Jones, J, "Volunteer tourism in the global South.". in Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 14, 2014, 170-172. Kirillova, K, X Lehto, L Cai, "Volunteer Tourism and Intercultural Sensitivity: The Role of Interaction with Host Communities.". inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 32, 2015, 382-400. Nadeau, J, D Lord, "Justice motivation and place image influences on volunteer tourism: perceptions, responses, and deliberations.". inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, , 2017, 1-14. Park, J, D Kim, C Zhang, "Understanding Cross-National Differences in Risk Through a Localized Cultural Perspective.". inCross-Cultural Research, 50, 2015, 34-62. Raymond, E, C Hall, "The Development of Cross-Cultural (Mis)Understanding Through Volunteer Tourism.". inJournal of Sustainable Tourism, 16, 2008, 530-543. Ritchie, B, R Maitland, "Special Issue,Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing.". inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 22, 2007, 1-5. Tam, K, "Understanding Intergenerational Cultural Transmission Through the Role of Perceived Norms.". inJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46, 2015, 1260-1266. Tomazos, K, "Dr. Volunteer and Mr. Tourist: Lifting the Guilt off Volunteer Tourism.". inJournal of Tourism Hospitality, 05, 2016 D Blackman A Benson, "The Role of the Psychological Contract in Managing Research Volunteer Tourism", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 27, 2010, 221-235. K Kirillova, X Lehto L Cai, "Volunteer Tourism and Intercultural Sensitivity: The Role of Interaction with Host Communities", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 32, 2015, 382-400. D Blackman A Benson, "The Role of the Psychological Contract in Managing Research Volunteer Tourism", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 27, 2010, 221-235. A Brumbaugh, "The Impact of Diversity Seeking and Volunteer Orientation on Desire for Alternative Spring Break Programs", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 27, 2010, 474-490. E Burrai, X Font J Cochrane, "Destination Stakeholders' Perceptions of Volunteer Tourism: An Equity Theory Approach", in International Journal of Tourism Research, vol. 17, 2014, 451-459. M Chang J Jetten, "Understanding Cultural Identification", in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 46, 2015, 1291-1295. K Kirillova, X Lehto L Cai, "Volunteer Tourism and Intercultural Sensitivity: The Role of Interaction with Host Communities", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 32, 2015, 382-400. J Nadeau D Lord, "Justice motivation and place image influences on volunteer tourism: perceptions, responses, and deliberations", inJournal of Travel Tourism Marketing, , 2017, 1-14. J Park, D Kim C Zhang, "Understanding Cross-National Differences in Risk Through a Localized Cultural Perspective", in Cross-Cultural Research, vol. 50, 2015, 34-62. E Raymond C Hall, "The Development of Cross-Cultural (Mis)Understanding Through Volunteer Tourism", in Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 16, 2008, 530-543. B Ritchie R Maitland, "Special Issue,Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 22, 2007, 1-5. J Jones, "Volunteer tourism in the global South", in Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, vol. 14, 2014, 170-172. M Strzelecka, G Nisbett K Woosnam, "The hedonic nature of conservation volunteer travel", inTourism Management, vol. 63, 2017, 417-425. K Tam, "Understanding Intergenerational Cultural Transmission Through the Role of Perceived Norms", in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 46, 2015, 1260-1266. K Tomazos, "Dr. Volunteer and Mr. Tourist: Lifting the Guilt off Volunteer Tourism", in Journal of Tourism Hospitality, vol. 05, 2016. G Hofstede, "Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context", in Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, vol. 2, 2011. W Etri, "Reaching a Central Place of Understanding Intercultural Sensitivity in ELT - Dynamic Frames for Intercultural Sensitivity", in SSRN Electronic Journal, , 2016. K Kirillova, X Lehto L Cai, "Volunteer Tourism and Intercultural Sensitivity: The Role of Interaction with Host Communities", in Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, vol. 32, 2015, 382-400. N Hasanova, "Voluntourism", in The Journal of Perinatal Neonatal Nursing, vol. 31, 2017, E3-E5.

Friday, May 1, 2020

A Sea Change by Ernest Hemingway Essay Example For Students

A Sea Change by Ernest Hemingway Essay This forty line extract of the short story Sea Change, by Ernest Hemingway, was first published in the magazine This Quarter in 1931. The story is based on a conversation overheard in the Basque Bar in Saint-Jean-de Luz, France, and also on a three-hour conversation with Gertrude Stein, about lesbians. This short story is also connected with the story Hills Like White Elephants, and is thus associated to the lost generation; in other words, young people that have come back from the war, and dont see any meaning in life anymore, and thus they follow the same circular activities. The story has also a special significance, because of the theme of homosexuality. Hemingway in fact had the suspicion that both his mother and first wife were involved in homosexual activities. The story, as in Hills Like White Elephants, present a man and a woman having a delicate argument. In this story, the men and women from Hills Like White Elephants switch places; thus it is the woman now that is trying to convince the man by being nice to him and manipulative. Thus we can see how these two stories are very similar in the context. The girl in this story appears to be very manipulative much like the man from Hills Like White Elephants, because she is trying to make her homosexual affair sound reasonable and rational; while she is pretending to still have feelings for the man, and that she loves him. She us in fact trying to get his approval of the lesbian affair, and wants to make sure that he will accept her back after her fling is over. Thus we can infer how she wants to have this affair one way or another, even though Phil agrees to it or not. So, she appears to be manipulating Phil, by presenting the affair as something utterly unavoidable, as if it was destiny for her to have that affair. She insists on this, asking Phil to be good to and let go, she even tries to make him think that she can be forgiven since she told him about it; you cant forgive me? When you know about it? She is so manipulative, that she wants to compare the things that Phil and her have done with a lesbian affair, you dont think things weve had and done should make any difference in understanding? Thus she is hinting that Phil and her have done many things, that are not very dissimilar to a lesbian affair; this hints to the fact that they both might have had other affairs besides their relationship, but they are ignoring it. This brings out the lost generation; having sex randomly just for pleasure, seeing no meaning in life. She furthers this image later on, when she mentions that wer made up of all sorts of things. Youve known that. Youve used it well enough. So, she is trying to make him feel guilty; as if he was willing to indulge himself in his own pleasures (other affairs) whenever he wanted, in the past, but he wont let her indulge in her pleasures. Thus, she is manipulating Phil, trying to get him to understand her, and let her go, and then accept her back. Phil however, who is willing to change this irresponsible life that they both had, does not want to agree to her lesbian affair. Through out the whole extract, the girl keeps trying to get Phils approval, manipulating him and his ideas. The man, Phil, at the beginning makes the reader feel sorry for him, as we might feel sorry for Jig, in Hills Like White Elephants. However, we understand that he only wants this own way, and he is jealous, since the lesbian affair threatens his image, and thus he is not willing to agree, and let her go. Thus, as we enter this extract, we lose sympathy for him, because in the past he has pretty much had it his own way, for a long time. Here, we infer that he has probably been leading the relationship in the past, just as the man in Hills Like White Elephants, and the girl was submitted to his will. .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .postImageUrl , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:hover , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:visited , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:active { border:0!important; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:active , .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8663612b52ce3825ff86600a073d267c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Racism In Othello Relating To Racial Hatred In Elizabethan England EssayAlso, when the girl refers to things weve had and done in the past, we get the idea that the man had had his own way for a long time, possibly having other pleasures except her. He has in fact used the phrase Wer made up of all sorts of things in the past, when it was convenient for him. Thus we see that the man only wants his own way, and he would not let the girl have her own way; these past quotes hint how in the past it has always been like this, and the man wants it to stay this way. He is also jealous of the fact that she is going to sleep with another woman, even though he has done so himself ma ny times. We can see his jealousy when he expresses her homosexual affair as a vice2 and a perversion. He thus quotes a famous quote by Alexander Pope: Vice is a monster of such fearful mien that to be something or other needs but to be seen. Then we something something, embrace. Here, apart from his jealousy, we can see how the men has poor culture and education, since he cant remember the complete phrase: Vice is a monster of such frightful mien, /As to be hated needs but to be seen;/Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face,/We first endure, then pity, then embrace. Apart from his jealousy, and selfishness, we see that this last phrase by Alexandar Pope, may hint to the mans relationship with the girl, and how disastrous it is, based on vices, that they both share, and nothing else. So, the men appears to be sharing similar vices as the girl, even more probably; however, he doesnt want the girl to have her own pleasure, thus he is shown as selfish and jealous.